Honestly, I feel apprehensive about reviewing Dave Burgess‘s hit new book Teach Like a Pirate. Many teachers I respect and regularly interact with are great fans. My friends have taken piracy to the classroom, Twitter, Facebook, and their blogs in waves of accolade.
But I was less than impressed with TLAP and I wanted to give a balanced view, so here goes. I wrote this review the way we’re encouraged to give feedback to students – positive, negative, positive. My goal is to leave you with my honest impression of the book that will help you evaluate if you should read it.
Burgess adopts the pirate as his “mascot” because, as he says, “pirates are daring, adventurous, and willing to set forth into uncharted territories with no guarantee of success.” Wouldn’t you love to see some more “daring” and “adventurous” in American classrooms? But PIRATE is also an acronym for Burgess, referring to the essential ingredients for this type of teacher.
Passion is key to success at any job, and Burgess believes, as do I, that you can be excited about teaching, every day. Too much, you say? Well, Burgess identifies three types of passion and says you can hit at least one of them every day: content (what you’re teaching), professional (for being a teacher), and personal (hobbies). I have to admit, though, that I am one of the people that Burgess labels “freaks”: I honestly am passionate about everything in the subject I teach.
I’m so guilty of not doing this one – especially the last two school years being pregnant the entire school year, and whenever I’m working on a big consulting project. But as Burgess says, if you’re completely present and with your students while you’re teaching, regardless of activity, you’ll be more effective, and students will recognize it, and it will create an amazing…
In my opinion, this is one of the most prevalent characteristics in effective teachers. Developing a relationship with your students will motivate them, control behavior problems, and really, change their lives by showing them that someone truly cares.
Ask and Analyze
I love this one – Burgess tells you (and I second it!) that everyone can be creative. If you think my ideas are amazing and I’m some sort of talented super exception, you’re wrong. I promise you have creative ideas in you too – and Burgess helps you ask the questions that get you using them.
Do you lack a sense of direction? Have a vision of what your ideal classroom looks like; then you can start creating it. Position your content as if it’s amazing (and in world languages, it is!). Reframe your content to show how it’s relevant and valuable. Indeed, the human brain is efficient; what it doesn’t find relevant, it will get rid of.
Banish negative thoughts from your classroom. Shake off the bad days and talk to yourself and your students in such a way that you are creating an enthusiastic, energetic, positive environment.
The explanations of the PIRATE system are followed by a section designed to give you a “toolbox” to teach well– like Burgess says, “it doesn’t matter how much content you teach, it only matters how much is received.” He offers series after series of questions, well presented by themes, to get you thinking about how we can “hook” student attention and keep it (really, I’m surprised he didn’t relate the word “hook” to pirates- it’s a good pun). As a quick example, one question has to do with what you can be showing or write on the board for students to see when they come in, before class starts. I used this “hook” the other day as my lesson plan called for our first nerve-wracking practice on the difficult AP interpersonal conversation task. The interviewer we were supposed to respond to was asking about reincarnation. So, I had this displayed before the lesson and students found it intriguing and funny – and engaging, the point of a “hook.”
Shaky presentation, shaky foundations
BUT… and here’s the but. I hate to risk being the person Burgess spends quite a few pages on as he encourages you not to allow “misguided and ill-informed critics to steal your enthusiasm,” but he himself is that person in an unnecessarily brutal comment about teachers he observes that are good professional speakers but he’s sure they’d “get their ass kicked” in a real classroom (“sorry to say it, but you know I’m right,” but don’t forget, “we are all on the same team”). So, to summarize my opinion but as a professional education book I found TLAP at times unprofessional, at times arrogant, and most often much shallower than my preference in the genre.
OMG he’s talking about S-E-X!!
Honestly this doesn’t bother me a lot but it’s worth a mention: Burgess actually suggests that you hint that things in your content are inappropriate in order to grab and maintain attention (though, of course, the content would never be so), and it’s a tenet he follows closely in his writing as well. When talking about lack of passion, he compares teachers to “when Betty Friedan, in The Feminine Mystique, wrote that women all over the nation were lying in bed, staring at the ceiling and asking themselves, ‘Is this all?'” Actually, the Betty Friedan quote isn’t sexual in nature at all; here’s what she wrote in The Feminine Mystique:
The problem lay buried, unspoken, for many years in the minds of American women. It was a strange stirring, a sense of dissatisfaction, a yearning [that is, a longing] that women suffered in the middle of the 20th century in the United States. Each suburban [house]wife struggled with it alone. As she made the beds, shopped for groceries … she was afraid to ask even of herself the silent question — ‘Is this all?’
So, with the misquote introducing the chapter on “Passion,” and having the women in bed instead of making the beds, perhaps it’s just a “hint” of inappropriateness. It certainly misled me until Burgess clarified it for me [see comment section below] and I found Friedan’s direct quote.
Twice Burgess brings up the subject of faking passion and both times his most appropriate illustration is Meg Ryan’s “faking” scene from When Harry Met Sally. He starts out an early chapter by promising you the secret to becoming a better lover – and often uses this “hook” on a sign outside his professional development seminars.
As for games, I’d like more ideas on games but was turned off by Burgess’s examples, all of which involve his students pretending to kill each other. At the risk of sounding old-fashioned or prudish, in our society I don’t need to encourage my students to practice killing each other for any reason at all. And just the language itself bothers me: the above “get their ass kicked,” “I pride myself on flat out bringing it” [emphasis his], “they should have told the students to get it out before starting the damn story,” “don’t buy into this B.S.” coupled with a healthy dose of exclamation points (my least favorite professional writing tool).
Meet the great, great… me
Even with lines like, “My list of inadequacies in the classroom could go on to… embarrassing lengths,” reading TLAP, you will have no doubt that Dave Burgess believes he is a great teacher. I’m sure he is. I’m sure I’d like to have my children in his class. But my experience with truly great people that I respect and love to sit and talk teaching with is that they don’t have to tell me how great they are. I have read a lot of books that contain quotes at the beginning of the chapters, but I’ve never seen anyone quote themselves.
How about this manipulative example:
…I tell the following story. You almost have to hear it live for it to have its full impact and intensity. I am a very passionate and enthusiastic speaker, but when I tell this story, my energy and intensity ramps up to astronomical levels…. If you were listening to the story live, you’d be ready to shake the words out of me. It is worth pointing out this reaction is not unintentional.
Or how he describes his performances:
When I hear the pirate music playing in my seminar room it puts me in a place to be ready to dominate. The combination of the music, my internal dialogue, and my changes in body posture and breathing makes me feel absolutely unstoppable.
The whole routine… is usually met with spontaneous applause. In fact, if it isn’t met with applause then I did it wrong.
Near the beginning, Burgess encourages you to write yourself a letter describing your class the way you’d like to hear about it from students and he gives you the example that he wrote. To quote the fan letter he wrote himself:
There was no possible way that he could live up to all of the hype, and yet, after a few weeks, I realized that Mr. Burgess was even better than advertised.
I have never seen such a consistent level of enthusiasm from a teacher, or anyone else for that matter.
Some days I feel I should have to pay admission to see his lesson…. It’s almost like the air is easier to breathe…. Some days this class is the only reason I come to school.
Anecdotes do not a methodology make
Okay, I’m being nit-picky, I admit it. It’s totally a personal preference that when I read a professional book, I like it to be… well, professional. But that’s not what bothers me the most. If you’ve read me for long you know that I revel in research. Maybe it’s from my SLA background in grad school where every article and paper had to start with a thorough review of the literature in the topic. I love to read the great stuff researchers are finding out about how the brain learns and how people learn language and how I can use that to make my teaching pack a real brain-based punch. I love John Medina‘s Brain Rules and Brain Rules for Baby and Daniel Pink’s Drive and Daniel Coyle’s The Talent Code. And wow, Alfie Kohn. If you have ever read Alfie Kohn you know that the bibliography is a significant portion of the book. Why? Because I can give you all the anecdotes I want but if they don’t align with the way brains actually work and kids actually learn, it’s not going to work for you.
Burgess, on the other hand, is admittedly a devotee of self-help and marketing gurus, and that is almost exclusively the “support” you’ll find in his text. Otherwise, the book is almost completely anecdotal, so much so it reads like a memoir. Like an Amazon reviewer said, “It really reads like a self-help book for fragile and discouraged teachers,” because that seems to be Burgess’s main source of reading: self-help and marketing books (like Napoleon Hill’s Think and Grow Rich, Seth Godin’s Purple Cow [I love that book too], Robert Fritz’s Creating, Ries & Trout’s Positioning, etc) :
After reading this book and practicing the principles, you will have an incredible array of tools to actively engage your class.
Don’t hang around negative people; they will sap your super powers.
The best way to overcome the obstacles on your path to greatness is build up enough momentum through action that you can roll right over them.
I can pass over the innuendo and arrogance but this is why I couldn’t read it twice. As Burgess writes, “I know I’m being harsh, but I’m trying to make an important point,” which we all know makes harshness okay. In any case, hopefully Burgess will take his own advice and “take a moment to evaluate [criticism]. Is the criticism an opportunity for growth?”
You can do it, They can do it
Enough negativity. I’m supposed to be thinking positive here. Burgess echoes a lot of the tenets you’ll hear repeated on Musicuentos: “Increase the fun factor,” and of course I latched onto the encouragement to “provide opportunities for autonomy and choice.” Take advantage of opportunities to teach media literacy and critical thinking. “An effectively told story might become the most powerful thing you do in front of any audience.” He echoes my sentiment that there’s a problem with teachers going “too far towards a love affair with technology just for the sake of technology.”
You’ll remember the end of this review better than the rest so I’ll end with what I believe is the big, big message all of us need to hear and say. Burgess is a teacher who believes what every teacher in every classroom should believe: Every student can succeed. I’m afraid, somewhere along the way, we started to think that kids without the right IQ or the right home life or the right amount of money in the bank just can’t succeed. Maybe the statistics say they probably won’t. But that doesn’t change the fact that they can. Show your students that all their gifts and talents are valued. You respect and honor their individuality. The Great American Classroom has become a place that kills creativity in the name of Every Child Is The Same, but conformity is not your goal. You respect and honor your students’ individuality and show them how using it makes them more successful. Foster their strength of character and courage (I’m currently reading How Children Succeed, which cites a whole lot of research indicating these traits have more to do with children’s ultimate success than cognitive skills). Stunningly, and encouragingly, he believes this about teachers too:
Today I am thoroughly convinced that any teacher who is willing to put in the time, care, and effort can transform their classroom and their life as an educator using these methods.
Good reminders for good teachers
The reviews on Amazon mirror mine quite a bit. TLAP has garnered 127 customer reviews with an average rating of 4.8 out of 5 stars. Even within the positive reviews I find echoes of my own feelings on the book, like it “validated the way I have tried to teach for years.” Another reviewer was a little more negative, but similarly said, “Much of his advice is pretty obvious–you should be passionate? Of course. You should have rapport with your students? Isn’t that obvious? You should be enthusiastic? I HOPE SO!” This is a good way for me to summarize my review of the book. I know that when I don’t get my technology ready ahead of time I lose my students while I do it in the middle of class and I have to regain attention and momentum, but it’s a good reminder for me. Like Burgess says, there is no single answer for how to fix your classroom, and TLAP is no exception, but if you are a passionate teacher who strives for creativity and wants to reach every student, you will find some validation and some good ideas you may not have thought of in TLAP. If you are burned out and frustrated with a school system that wants you to be the opposite, you will enjoy Burgess’s encouragement and suggestions. Research-based or not, we could sure use some more adventure and passion in our classrooms, so why not go teach like a pirate?